Topkapı Palace is made atop the Byzantine acropolis on Sarayburnu at the tip of the Istanbul chersonese. It is enclosed by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and also the Golden Horn.
History of Topkapı Palace in Istanbul
Topkapı Palace is made atop the Byzantine acropolis on Sarayburnu at the tip of the Istanbul chersonese. It is enclosed by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus tours and also the Golden Horn. On the land aspect, the palace is enclosed by 1400-meter-long high encircling walls-known because the “Royal Walls” (Sûr-ı Sultânî)-while on the aspect facing the sea it is enclosed by Byzantine walls.
The palace covers a zone of approximately 700.000 sq. meters, a big part of that space is set aside for the Royal Gardens (Hasbahçe). At first, made between 1460 and 1478 by Sultan Mehmed II who is the conqueror of Constantinople, and expanded upon and changed lots of times throughout its long history, the palace served as the house of the Ottoman sultans and their court till the middle of the 19th century. After the conquest of Constantinople, Fatih Sultan Turk Mehmed II (r. 1444-46, 1451-81) had a palace in-built what’s contemporary Istanbul’s Beyazıt district, on the spot wherever the Istanbul University stands today; this initial palace later became referred to as the Old Palace (Eski Saray).
Following the development of the Old Palace, Mehmed II then had the Tiled Kiosk (Çinili Köşk) designed, followed by Topkapı Palace itself, to that the court resettled when construction was finish. Mehmed gave a name to this place the New Palace (Sarây-ı Cedîd). The palace got its valid name when Sultan Mahmud I (r. 1730-54) had a great wooden palace built near the city’s Byzantine walls, in front of which were placed a few ceremonial cannons. That coast palace was called the Cannon Gate Palace by the Sea (Topkapusu Sâhil Sarâyı), and when that palace was destroyed in a fire, its name was changed to Mehmed II’s New Palace.
Topkapı Palace, that developed and grew over the centuries, had a style that contends a vital role in Ottoman governmental philosophy and within the relations between the palace and its subjects. When Topkapı was first built, its arranged was influenced by the splendor of the Adrianople (Edirne) Palace placed on the Tunca River, that had been made by Mehmed II’s father, Sultan Murad II (r. 1421-44, 1446-51) however little of which survives today.
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